ACM 1988

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Orange County Convention Center [1]

ACM's Nineteenth North American Computer Chess Championship (NACCC), Orlando, Florida, USA, November 13-15, 1988. The tournament was held in conjunction with the ACM/IEEE Supercomputing Conference with a workshop New Technologies for Chess in the Orange County Convention Center [2] .

Final Standing


# Program CC 1 2 3 4 P SOS SoDOS
1 Deep Thought 0.02 US 2w½ 6b1 5w1 3b1 10
2 Chess Challenger X US 1b½ 12w1 4b1 5w1
3 Mephisto X GB 11b1 4w½ 6b1 1w0 9
4 Cray Blitz US 8w1 3b½ 2w0 9b1 9
5 HiTech US 12b1 7w1 1b0 2b0 2
6 Sun Phoenix CA 10b1 1w0 3w0 8b1 2 9 3
7 Bebe US 9w1 5b0 8w0 12b1 2 2
8 Novag X US 4b0 11w½ 7b1 6w0
9 BP US 7b0 10w1 11b½ 4w0 7 2
10 Cyrus 68K GB 6w0 9b0 12b½ 11w1 5
11 AI Chess US 3w0 8b½ 9w½ 10b0 1 7
12 Waycool US 5w0 2b0 10w½ 7w0 ½ 9 ¾



Program CC Team Hardware Language
AI Chess US Marty Hirsch IBM PC x86 Assembly
Bebe US Tony Scherzer, Linda Scherzer SYS-10 bit slice hardware Assembly
BP US Robert Cullum Compaq 386/20 C, Assembly
Chess Challenger X US Dan Spracklen, Kathe Spracklen, Ron Nelson 68030 Assembly
Cray Blitz US Robert Hyatt, Albert Gower, Harry Nelson Cray X-MP 4/8 Fortran, C, Assembly
Cyrus 68K GB Mark Taylor, David Levy IBM PC with 68020 card Assembly
Deep Thought 0.02 US Thomas Anantharaman, Mike Browne,
Murray Campbell, Feng-hsiung Hsu,
Andreas Nowatzyk
2 special processors
C, Microcode
HiTech US Carl Ebeling, Hans Berliner, Gordon Goetsch,
Murray Campbell, Andy Gruss, Andy Palay

special purpose hardware

Mephisto X GB Richard Lang, Ossi Weiner 68020 Assembly
Novag X US David Kittinger 6502 bit sliced micro Assembly
Sun Phoenix CA Jonathan Schaeffer, Marius Olafsson 28 Sun-3 68020 C
Waycool US Ed Felten, Steve Otto, Rod Morison, Rob Fatland nCUBE 10 512 Proc. C

Photos & Games

Sun Phoenix - Deep Thought


Jonathan Schaeffer counts his pieces, one by one [5]

[Event "ACM 1988"]
[Site "Orlando USA"]
[Date "1988.11.13"]
[Round "2"]
[White "Sun Phoenix"]
[Black "Deep Thought 0.02"]
[Result "0-1"]

1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Bb4 3.Nd5 Ba5 4.b4 c6 5.bxa5 cxd5 6.cxd5 Nf6 7.Qa4 Nxd5 8.Qe4 Nc7 9.Qxe5+ Ne6 
10.Bb2 Nc6 11.Qd5 Nxa5 12.e4 Nc6 13.Qd6 Qb6 14.Rb1 Nc5 15.Bc4 f6 16.f3 Qb4 17.Qd5 Ne5 18.Bf1 
d6 19.a3 Qb6 20.a4 Be6 21.Bb5+ Ke7 22.Qd4 Bb3 23.Ra1 Bxa4 24.Bxa4 Ned3+ 25.Kf1 Qxb2 26.Qxb2 
Nxb2 27.Bc2 Nc4 28.Ke2 Ne6 29.Kd1 b5 30.Ne2 Rhc8 31.e5 Nxe5 32.Nc3 Nd4 33.Bxh7 f5 34.Ne2 Nxe2 
35.Kxe2 Kf6 36.f4 Nc4 37.g4 fxg4 38.Be4 Re8 39.Kd3 d5 40.Ra6+ Re6 41.Bxd5 Rxa6 42.Bxa8 Ra2 
43.Bc6 a6 44.Rg1 Rxd2+ 45.Kc3 Rxh2 46.Bd5 Ne3 0-1

Mephisto - Cray Blitz

3-1 and 3-2.Nelson Hyatt Weiner.ACM 19 NACCC.Orlando.1988.102645367.NEWBORN.lg.jpg

Nelson, Hyatt and Weiner, Mephisto X aka Almeria vs. Cray Blitz [6]

[Event "ACM 1988"]
[Site "Orlando USA"]
[Date "1988.11.13"]
[Round "2"]
[White "Mephisto"]
[Black "Cray Blitz"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]

1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Bf5 3.c4 e6 4.Qb3 b6 5.Nc3 dxc4 6.Qxc4 Nf6 7.Bg5 Be7 8.e3 Nbd7 9.Qc6 Bb4 
10.Bxf6 gxf6 11.Rc1 a6 12.Be2 Ra7 13.Nh4 Bxc3+ 14.Rxc3 Bb1 15.Qa4 Be4 16.O-O Qb8 17.Rfc1 
b5 18.Qa5 Nb6 19.f3 Bd5 20.b3 Ba8 21.Rc5 f5 22.g3 Nd5 23.e4 fxe4 24.fxe4 Ne7 25.Bf3 O-O 
26.Rg5+ Ng6 27.Rcc5 Rd8 28.Qc3 Qb6 29.Rg4 Rd7 30.Bg2 Bb7 31.Nf3 Ra8 32.Ne5 Rd6 33.Qe3 Kf8 
34.Nf3 Ke8 35.e5 Rd7 36.Ng5 Bxg2 37.Kxg2 h5 38.Re4 Qb7 39.Qf3 Rad8 40.Qf2 Re7 41.Kg1 Red7 
42.Rc1 Re7 43.Rf1 a5 44.Qf6 Qb6 45.Rd1 Qc6 46.Re2 Qc3 47.Nxf7 Rxd4 48.Rf1 Qd3 49.Ref2 h4 
50.Rf3 Qc2 51.R1f2 Qc1+ 52.Kg2 hxg3 53.hxg3 Qb1 54.Nh8 Nxh8 55.Qxh8+ Kd7 56.Rf7 Qe4+ 
57.Kh2 Rxf7 58.Rxf7+ Kc6 59.Qe8+ Kb6 60.Qb8+ Qb7 61.Qxb7+ Kxb7 62.Kg2 Rd5 63.g4 Rxe5 
64.Kf3 Re1 65.Rf4 1/2-1/2

Game and short analyze on : [1]

Selected Games

Round 3, Cray Blitz vs. Chess Challenger X

[Event "ACM 1988"]
[Site "Orlando USA"]
[Date "1988.11.14"]
[Round "3"]
[White "Cray Blitz"]
[Black "Chess Challenger X"]
[Result "0-1"]

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.Be3 Nf6 6.Nc3 Bg7 7.Bc4 Qa5 8.O-O O-O
9.Bb3 d6 10.h3 Bd7 11.Qf3 Ne5 12.Qe2 Rac8 13.Rad1 Qa6 14.Qxa6 bxa6 15.f4 Nc4
16.Bxc4 Rxc4 17.e5 dxe5 18.fxe5 Nh5 19.Nf3 Bc6 20.Rd4 Rxd4 21.Nxd4 Bb7 22.e6
Bxd4 23.Bxd4 fxe6 24.Rxf8+ Kxf8 25.Ne2 g5 26.c3 Kf7 27.Kf2 Kg6 28.Bxa7 Nf4
29.Nxf4+ gxf4 30.Bd4 Kf5 31.Bc5 Kf6 32.c4 e5 33.b4 Bc6 34.Bb6 e4 35.Bd4+ e5
36.Bb2 e3+ 37.Kg1 Kf5 38.c5 e4 39.Bc1 Bb5 40.Kh1 Ke6 41.Kg1 Kd5 42.a4 Bxa4
43.g3 e2 44.Kf2 f3 45.Bd2 Kd4 46.g4 Bc6 47.Bf4 Kd3 48.b5 axb5 49.Bh6 b4 0-1

Game and short analyze on : [2]

Tournament Director




External Links


  1. The front of the Orange County Convention Center located in Orlando, Florida, by Nehrams2020, July 30, 2007, Orange County Convention Center from Wikipedia
  2. Tony Marsland (1989). Workshop Report on New Technologies for Chess. ICCA Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1, pdf
  3. ACM 1988 CSVN site
  4. Monty Newborn, Danny Kopec (1989). Results of The Nineteenth ACM North American Computer Chess Championship. Communications of the ACM, Vol. 32, No. 10, pdf
  5. Photo by Monty Newborn, ICCA Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 184
  6. Photo by Monty Newborn, ICCA Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 195, also hosted by The Computer History Museum

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