Harry Nelson

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Harry Nelson [1]

Harry Lewis Nelson,
an American mathematician and researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Harry was the Cray Assembly Language (CAL) expert and along with Robert Hyatt and Albert Gower co-author of Cray Blitz, the two-time winner of the World Computer Chess Championship. Along with David Slowinski, Harry Nelson discovered the 27th Mersenne prime in 1979 [2] [3].

Photos & Games

WCCC 1983


Harry Nelson, Robert Hyatt and Don Beal, Cray Blitz vs BCP, WCCC 1983 [4]

[Event "WCCC 1983"]
[Site "New York, USA"]
[Date "1983.10.22"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Cray Blitz"]
[Black "BCP"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e5 Nd5 4.Nc3 e6 5.Nxd5 exd5 6.d4 Nc6 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.Qxd5 Qb6
9.Qd2 O-O 10.Bc4 Re8 11.O-O Nxe5 12.Nxe5 Rxe5 13.Qf4 Qf6 14.Qxf6 gxf6 15.Kh1 d5 
16.f4 Rh5 17.Be2 Rh4 18.Bf3 d4 19.g3 Rh3 20.f5 Kg7 21.Kg2 Rh6 22.Bxh6+ Kxh6 23.Bd5
Kg7 24.Rad1 a5 25.Kh1 Ra6 26.Be4 b5 27.Rfe1 Bd7 28.Rd2 Bc6 29.Bxc6 Rxc6 30.Re8 Bb6 
31.Rb8 b4 32.Rb7 Kf8 33.Re2 Bc7 34.g4 Rc5 35.Ra7 Bb6 36.Ra6 Rc6 37.Rd2 Rd6 38.Rd3 
Kg7 39.c3 Kg8 40.a4 Kg7 41.cxb4 axb4 42.a5 Bc5 43.Rxd6 Bxd6 44.Rxd4 Bc5 45.Rd5 Be3 
46.Rd3 Bc5 47.Rd7 Be3 48.a6 h5 49.gxh5 Kf8 50.Rd3 Bc5 51.Rg3 Ke8 52.h6 Bd6 53.a7 
Ke7 54.Rd3 Bc7 55.a8=Q Bd6 56.h7 b3 57.Qb7+ Ke8 58.h8=Q+ Bf8 59.Qe4# 1-0

WCCC 1986


Vlastimil Hort, Harry Nelson and Hans Berliner, decisive moment at the WCCC 1986 [5] [6]

[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Cray Blitz"]
[Black "Hitech"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 e6 5.Bxc4 c5 6.Qe2 a6 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.O-O b5 9.Rd1
Qe7 10.Bd3 e5 11.e4 Nc6 12.Nc3 Bg4 13.Be3 Rd8 14.h3 Bxe3 15.Qxe3 Bxf3 16.Qxf3 Nd4 
17.Qg3 O-O 18.a4 b4 19.Nd5 Nxd5 20.exd5 Rxd5 21.Bxa6 b3 22.Qe3 Rfd8 23.Bc4 Nc2 
24.Qe2 Rc5 25.Rxd8+ Qxd8 26.Rb1 Nd4 27.Qf1 Qd7 28.Ra1 Qc6 29.Bb5 Nxb5 30.axb5 Qb7 
31.Ra3 g6 32.Rxb3 Qd5 33.Rb4 Rc2 34.b3 Qd2 35.Rc4 Rb2 36.Re4 Qd5 37.Qc4 Qd1+ 38.Kh2 
Rxf2 39.Rxe5 Qd6 40.Qc8+ Kg7 41.Qc5 Qd2 42.Rg5 Re2 43.Rg4 Qa2 44.Qc3+ Kg8 45.b6 Qa8 
46.Qc7 Qf8 47.b7 Re8 48.Rc4 Kg7 49.Rc6 Rb8 50.Qc8 Rxc8 51.bxc8=Q Qb4 52.Qc7 Qxb3 
53.Qe5+ Kh6 54.Qf4+ Kg7 55.Qd4+ Kh6 56.Rb6 Qc2 57.Qf4+ Kg7 58.Qf6+ Kh6 59.Qxf7 Qc8 
60.Rd6 1-0

ACM 1988

3-1 and 3-2.Nelson Hyatt Weiner.ACM 19 NACCC.Orlando.1988.102645367.NEWBORN.lg.jpg

Nelson, Hyatt, Weiner at the ACM 1988, Orlando [7]

[Event "ACM 1988"]
[Site "Orlando USA"]
[Date "1988.11.13"]
[Round "2"]
[White "Mephisto"]
[Black "Cray Blitz"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]

1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Bf5 3.c4 e6 4.Qb3 b6 5.Nc3 dxc4 6.Qxc4 Nf6 7.Bg5 Be7 8.e3 Nbd7 9.Qc6 
Bb4 10.Bxf6 gxf6 11.Rc1 a6 12.Be2 Ra7 13.Nh4 Bxc3+ 14.Rxc3 Bb1 15.Qa4 Be4 16.O-O Qb8 
17.Rfc1 b5 18.Qa5 Nb6 19.f3 Bd5 20.b3 Ba8 21.Rc5 f5 22.g3 Nd5 23.e4 fxe4 24.fxe4 Ne7 
25.Bf3 O-O 26.Rg5+ Ng6 27.Rcc5 Rd8 28.Qc3 Qb6 29.Rg4 Rd7 30.Bg2 Bb7 31.Nf3 Ra8 32.Ne5 
Rd6 33.Qe3 Kf8 34.Nf3 Ke8 35.e5 Rd7 36.Ng5 Bxg2 37.Kxg2 h5 38.Re4 Qb7 39.Qf3 Rad8 
40.Qf2 Re7 41.Kg1 Red7 42.Rc1 Re7 43.Rf1 a5 44.Qf6 Qb6 45.Rd1 Qc6 46.Re2 Qc3 47.Nxf7 
Rxd4 48.Rf1 Qd3 49.Ref2 h4 50.Rf3 Qc2 51.R1f2 Qc1+ 52.Kg2 hxg3 53.hxg3 Qb1 54.Nh8 
Nxh8 55.Qxh8+ Kd7 56.Rf7 Qe4+ 57.Kh2 Rxf7 58.Rxf7+ Kc6 59.Qe8+ Kb6 60.Qb8+ Qb7 
61.Qxb7+ Kxb7 62.Kg2 Rd5 63.g4 Rxe5 64.Kf3 Re1 65.Rf4 1/2-1/2

Selected Publications


External Links


  1. Chess temporary from The Computer History Museum
  2. Harry Lewis Nelson from Wikipedia
  3. Popular Science Oct 1979 - Google books
  4. László Lindner, A SZÁMÍTÓGÉPES SAKK KÉPEKBEN című melléklete - The pictures of the Beginning of Chess Computers
  5. Image from Pierre Nolot (1986). Echecs: Les Progès des Programmes. Jeux et Stratégie
  6. Re: Cheating in the World Computer Chess Championship by Robert Hyatt, rgcm, March 11, 1999
  7. Photo from The Computer History Museum (wrong text)
  8. ICGA Reference Database (pdf)

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