Monroe Newborn

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Monty Newborn [1]

Monroe M. (Monty) Newborn,
a Canadian computer scientist, and emeritus professor at McGill University [2] in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Monty was early computer chess programmer and primary author of the chess program Ostrich, and the pawn endgame program Peasant [3].

In 1970 Monty Newborn and Ben Mittman initiated, constituted and organized the ACM North American Computer Chess Championship, and together with Ben Mittman and David Levy the World Computer Chess Championship in 1974. Newborn was co-founder of the ICCA in 1977, and served as its president from 1983 until 1986. He has written extensively on computer chess [4].


Newborn Matsa Slate Atkin Mittman.ACM 1970-2.jpg

Tournament organizers Monty Newborn and Ben Mittman (front) with ACM president
Sam Matsa and David Slate. Larry Atkin looks on. ACM 1970 [5] .

Chess Pioneers Mittman Newborn Marsland Slate Levy Shannon Thompson Truscott.c1980.102665753.lg.jpg

Chess pioneers in Sacher Hotel Vienna, Austria 1980: Ben Mittman, Monty Newborn, Tony Marsland,
Dave Slate, David Levy, Claude Shannon, Ken Thompson, Betty Shannon, Tom Truscott [6]


A. Reznitskiy, B. Stilman, M. Donskoy, M. Botvinnik, Monty & Amy Newborn [7] [8] [9] [10]

Beal Thompson Newborn Botvinnik WCCC New York 1983.jpg

Don Beal, Ken Thompson, Monty Newborn, and Mikhail Botvinnik at the WCCC 1983 in New York City [11]


Brief Biography of Monty Newborn [12]:

Monty Newborn received his Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering from The Ohio State University in 1967. He was an assistant professor and then associate professor at Columbia University in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from 1967-1975. In 1975, he joined the School of Computer Science at McGill University and has been with the School since then, serving as its director from 1976-1983. He has been an ACM Fellow since 1994.

His research focuses on search problems in artificial intelligence where two areas are of particular interest: chess-playing programs and automated theorem-proving programs. He has published seven books on these subjects and a number of research papers as well. He served as chairman of the ACM Computer Chess Committee from 1981 until 1997. In that capacity he organized the first Kasparov versus Deep Blue match (known as the ACM Chess Challenge) in 1996. The following year he served as head of the officials at the second Kasparov versus Deep Blue match won by Deep Blue. Through the 1970s and 1980s, his chess program Ostrich competed in five world championships, coming close to winning in 1974.


Quote from Canadian Chess [13]

  • Computer Science Professor, McGill University
  • Programmer (originally with George Arnold) of Ostrich (also Ostrich 80, Ostrich 81), a computer chess program which competed in the ACM U.S. Computer Championships (1972-74), ACM North American Computer Championships (1975, 1977-87) and World Computer Championships (1974, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1986)
  • 2nd place ACM U.S. Computer Championship 1973 for Ostrich
  • Organized first ACM U.S. Computer Championship 1970, as well as many succeeding championships
  • President, International Computer Chess Association 1983-86
  • Applied results obtained from research on search algorithms in the field of computer chess to the field of internet searching
  • Canadian Chess Hall of Fame 2001

See also

Selected Publications

1973 ...

1975 ...

  • Monroe Newborn (1975). Computer Chess. Academic Press, New York, N.Y. ISBN 0-125-17250-8.
Chapter I. Introduction
Chapter II. The History and Basic Ideas of Computer Chess
Chapter III. The Kotok-McCarthy Chess Program versus the ITEP Chess Program
Chapter IV. The Greenblatt Chess Program
Chapter V. The First United States Computer Chess Championship
Chapter VI. The Second United States Computer Chess Championship
Chapter VII. The Third United States Computer Chess Championship
Chapter VIII. Kaissa
Chapter IX. The Fourth United States Computer Chess Championship
Chapter X. Ostrich: A Description of a Chess-Playing Program
Appendix I. The First World Computer Chess Championship

1980 ...

1985 ...

1990 ...

1995 ...

2000 ...

2005 ...

2010 ...


2020 ...

External Links


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