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Fidelity Elite A/S Challenger [1]

Elite (Fidelity Elite),
a family of dedicated chess computers manufactured by Sidney Samole's company Fidelity Electronics with programs by Dan and Kathe Spracklen. The Fidelity Elite Champion was the first Elite which was the market version of Fidelity X, the 6502 based computer with a Sargon program which won the WMCCC 1981 in Travemünde. Its successors, the Elite Auto Sensory and Elite X became World Microcomputer Chess Champion at the WMCCC 1983 in Budapest and at the WMCCC 1984 in Glasgow (shared) respectively.

Avant Garde Vx

In 1989 the new series of Elite Avant Garde Vx computers were released, featuring Motorola's 16-bit 68000 and 32-bit 68020 processors along with transposition tables.


The Elite Avant Garde V5 in 1989 was the first commercial multiprocessor version [2] running on two 68000, the Elite Avant Garde V8 had two 68020. As explained by the programmers in the Addendum of the Instruction Manual [3], the parallel search algorithms used was Principal Variation Splitting as introduced by Tony Marsland and Murray Campbell [4].

Karpov's Second

The Elite Avant Garde V10 with a Motorola 68040 processor was used as second for Anatoly Karpov during the 1990 World Chess Championship versus Garry Kasparov in New York and Lyon, supplied and operated by Fidelity representative Tom Fürstenberg [5] .

Photos & Games


Tom Fürstenberg operating Elite Avant Garde V10 and David Bronstein, Aegon 1991 [6] [7]

[Event "6th AEGON man-mach"]
[Site "The Hague NED"]
[Date "1991.05.29"]
[Round "06"]
[White "David Bronstein"]
[Black "Elite Avant Garde V10"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nxe4 6.Ne5 Ng5 7.d4 d6 8.Nd3
f3 9.Be3 Bg4 10.Kd2 fxg2 11.Qxg4 gxh1=Q 12.Rxh1 c6 13.Re1 h6 14.d5 Qd7
15.Qg3 Qf5 16.Nf4 cxd5 17.Bxd5 Nc6 18.Qg2 Rc8 19.Rf1 Nb4 20.Bb3 Qd7
21.a3 d5 22.Bd4 Nc6 23.Bg1 d4 24.Ncd5 d3 25.Nxd3 Na5 26.Ba2 b6 27.h4 Ne6 
28.Ne5 Qa4 29.Kc1 Qxh4 30.Nxf7 O-O 31.Qg6 Bg5+ 32.Kb1 Qh3 33.Rf6 Rce8 
34.b4 Qh1 35.Rf1 Nc6 36.Bc4 Qh3 37.Bd3 Qxf1+ 38.Bxf1 Rxf7 39.Bd3 Nf8 
40.Qxc6 Re1+ 41.Ka2 Rxg1 42.Nc3 Kh8 43.Qe8 Rf2 44.Ne4 Rf3 45.Nd6 Rf6 
46.Nf7+ Kg8 47.Bc4 b5 48.Qxb5 Rxf7 49.Qf5 Bf6 50.Qd5 Kh7 51.Qxf7 1-0

See also

Elite Computers

Year Product Link(s) [8] [9] Processor Tournaments
1982 Fidelity Elite Champion Sensory Chess Challenger

Fidelity Elite Champion

6502, 4 MHz WMCCC 1981, 1st
1983 Fidelity Elite A/S Budapest 6502, 3.2 MHz WMCCC 1983, 1st
1984 Fidelity Elite A/S Glasgow 6502, 3.6, 4 MHz WMCCC 1984, 1st
Fidelity Elite Privat 6502, 5 MHz
1986 Fidelity Elite Avant Garde 6502, 5 MHz
Fidelity Elite Avant Garde 2100 6502, 6 MHz
1989 Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V2 68000, 16 MHz
Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V5 2x68000, 16 MHz
Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V6 68020, 20 MHz
Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V8 2x68020, 20 MHz
Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V9 68030, 32 MHz
1990 Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V10 68040, 25 MHz
1992 Fidelity Elite Premiere

Fidelity Elite Premiere

68000, 16 MHz
1994 Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V11

Fidelity Elite Avant Garde V.11

68060, 75 MHz


Forum Posts

External Links

Chess Computer



  1. Schachcomputer Fidelity Elite A/S Challenger 1983, Photo by Gerhard Hund
  2. The first commercial multi-processor chess computer by Mike Watters, Hiarcs Forum, November 08, 2019
  3. Fidelity Elite Avant Garde v.5 from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters, see Addendum with a letter from the programmers
  4. Tony Marsland, Murray Campbell (1981). Parallel Search of Strongly Ordered Game Trees. Technical Report TR 81-9, Department of Computing Science , University of Alberta, pdf
  5. Frederic Friedel (1990). Elektronischer Sekundant ein Fidelity-Computer bei der Schach-WM in New-York. Computerschach und Spiele 6/90 (German)
  6. Photo from his former page skynet.be/fidelity/furstenberg - David Bronstein and myself at the AEGON Human v. Computer tournament in Den Haag, 1991
  7. David Bronstein, Tom Fürstenberg (1995). The Sorcerer's Apprentice. Cadogan Books, London, pp. 190 (48) Bronstein,D - Fidelity Elite 10
  8. Fidelity from Schachcomputer.info Wiki (German)
  9. Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters

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