WMCCC 1981

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Home * Tournaments * World Microcomputer Chess Championship * 2nd WMCCC Travemünde 1981

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Travemünde by night with Maritim Hotel Tower [1]

The Second World Microcomputer Chess Championship took place from September 21 to 28, 1981, Salon Timmendorf in the Maritim Hotel [2] , Travemünde, West Germany, hosted and sponsored by the Horten AG, a German department store chain and primary German Novag distributor at that time [3] . The two last playoff rounds took place in Hamburg. The tournament organizers were Gerhard Piel, an architect and collector of computer chess machines, Frederic Friedel, a science journalist and Dieter Steinwender, a computer scientist. Tournament director was Horst Metzing [4] of the German Chess Federation. The ICCA along with the FIDE sanctioned the tournament as a world championship, ICCA observers were Ben Mittman and Ken Thompson.

Final Standing


Open Group


# Program CC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 P SOS SoDOS
1 Fidelity X US 4w0 2w1 6b1 5w1 7b1 3w1 8b1 6 25 18¼
2 Princhess 2.9 SE 8w1 1b0 4w1 6w1 5b1 7w1 3b0 5 23 13½
3 Novag X US 6b0 5w½ 7b1 4b1 8w1 1b0 2w1 25 14¼
4 Philidor X GB 1b1 7w1 2b0 3w0 6b½ 8w1 5b1 25 13
5 LogiChess 2.1 DK 7w½ 3b½ 8w1 1b0 2w0 6b½ 4w0 25½ 7
6 Conic X HK 3w1 8b0 1w0 2b0 4w½ 5w½ 7b0 2 26
7 SciSys X GB 5b½ 4b0 3w0 8b½ 1w0 2b0 6w1 2 26
8 Applied Concepts X US 2b0 6w1 5b0 7w½ 3b0 4b0 1w0 20½

Commercial Group


# Program CC 1A 1B 2A 2B 3A 3B 4A 4B 5A 5B 6A 6B P SOS SoDOS
1 Chess Champion Mark V [8] GB/HK 3w½ 3b1 4b½ 4w1 2w0 2b½ 3w1 3b1 4b1 4w1 2w0 2b1 71 42¼
2 Champion Sensory Challenger US 4b0 4w1 3w1 3b0 1b1 1w½ 4b1 4w½ 3w0 3b½ 1b1 1w0 70 38¾
3 Novag Savant US/HK 1b½ 1w0 2b0 2w1 4w1 4b0 1b0 1w0 2b1 2w½ 4w1 4b1 6 76 30
4 Gruenfeld/Morphy/Capablanca US 2w1 2b0 1w½ 1b0 3b0 3w1 2w0 2b½ 1w0 1b0 3b0 3w0 3 71 28½



# Name CC 1 2 3 P
1 Fidelity X US w1 b1 w1 3
2 Chess Champion Mark V GB b0 w0 b0 0



Open Group

Program CC Authors Processor/Hardware
Applied Concepts X US John Aker, Larry Atkin, David Slate et al. 6502
Conic X HK Stephen Chen Z 80 A
Fidelity X US Dan and Kathe Spracklen 6502
LogiChess 2.1 DK Kaare Danielsen Z 80 A Nascom 2
Novag X US David Kittinger Z 80 B
Philidor X GB David Broughton, Mark Taylor,
David Levy, Kevin O’Connell
Z 80 A Osborne 1
Princhess 2.9 SE Ulf Rathsman 6502 CBM-3032
SciSys X GB Mark Taylor, David Broughton,
David Levy, Kevin O’Connell
Z 80 A

Commercial Group

Program CC Authors Manufacturer Processor
Champion Sensory Challenger US Dan and Kathe Spracklen Fidelity Electronics 6502
Chess Champion Mark V GB/HK David Broughton, Mark Taylor,
David Levy, Kevin O’Connell
SciSys 6502
Gruenfeld/Morphy/Capablanca US John Aker, Larry Atkin, David Slate et al. Applied Concepts 6502
Novag Savant US/HK David Kittinger Novag Z 80 B

Commercial Controversy

The published rules provided for participation in an open and commercial category. The organizers had hoped that by sponsoring a purely commercial section, they could provide the computer chess buying public with a clear indication of which is the strongest commercially available chess machine. In doing this, however, they wanted to avoid what had happened after previous microcomputer chess tournaments when misleading advertising claims were made by manufacturers or by their representatives. The lack of a precise definition for the commercial group became a source for a great deal of controversy, and soured many of the participants, the organizers, and the ICCA observers on this type of tournament [11] . The requirement for the manufacturers section for commercially available chess computers, forced Hegener & Glaser to withdraw their intended entry Mephisto II since commercial production would not begin until November, and Hegener & Glaser chose not to enter in the open group as well. Finally, the Applied Concepts personal withdrew their programs after some rounds from both sections of the tournament, due to a bug in their Capablanca module of the Great Game Machine [12] .

Photos & Games

Fidelity X - Philidor X


David Levy operating Philidor vs Fidelity X [13] [14]

[Event "WMCCC 1981"]
[Site "Travemünde, Germany"]
[Date "1981.09.21"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Fidelity X"]
[Black "Philidor X"]
[Result "0-1"]

1.e4 c5 2.c3 d5 3.exd5 Qxd5 4.d4 e6 5.Nf3 Nc6 6.Na3 cxd4 7.Nb5 Qd7
8.Bf4 e5 9.Bxe5 Nxe5 10.Nxe5 Qe7 11.Qe2 dxc3 12.Nc7+ Qxc7 13.Ng6+ Ne7
14.Nxh8 cxb2 15.Qxb2 Qa5+ 16.Ke2 Qa6+ 17.Kd2 Qa5+ 18.Kd1 Bg4+ 19.f3 Rd8+
20.Ke2 Be6 21.g3 Nd5 22.Qc1 Bc5 23.Kd1 Nc3+ 24.Kc2 Bf5+ 25.Bd3 Bxd3+
26.Kd2 Ne4+ 27.Kd1 Nf2# 0-1

Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : [1]



Ron Nelson, Kathe & Dan Spracklen, David Levy in CC Mark V - Fidelity X [15] [16]

[Event "WMCCC 1981 (Playoff)"]
[Site "Hamburg, Germany"]
[Date "1981.09.28"]
[Round "2"]
[White "Chess Champion Mark V"]
[Black "Fidelity X"]
[Result "0-1"]

1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qe3 Nf6 5.Bd2 Ng4 6.Qg3 d6 7.Nc3 Be7
8.Nd5 O-O 9.Nf3 Nf6 10.Bd3 Nxd5 11.exd5 Nb8 12.O-O-O Na6 13.Ng5 Bxg5
14.Bxg5 f6 15.Be3 Bd7 16.f4 Nb4 17.Qh4 f5 18.Qxd8 Raxd8 19.a3 Nxd3+
20.Rxd3 Bb5 21.Rc3 c5 22.dxc6 Bxc6 23.Bd4 g6 24.Rg3 b6 25.h4 Rde8
26.h5 Re4 27.Rd1 Kf7 28.hxg6+ hxg6 29.Rh3 Rxf4 30.Rh7+ Ke6 31.Rxa7 Bxg2
32.Bxb6 g5 33.b4 Rc4 34.Rg7 Be4 35.Rg6+ Ke5 36.Rd2 g4 37.Bf2 Rfc8
38.Bg3+ f4 39.Rg5+ Bf5 40.Re2+ Kf6 41.Bh4 Rxc2+ 42.Rxc2 Rxc2+ 43.Kd1
Rh2 44.Rh5+ Ke6 45.Rh6+ Kd5 46.b5 g3 47.Rh5 Ke4 48.Rh8 Rxh4 49.Re8+ Kd3
50.Re1 g2 51.Kc1 Rh1 52.Rg1 Rxg1+ 53.Kb2 Rb1+ 54.Ka2 Be6+ 55.Kxb1 Kc3
56.Ka1 g1=Q# 0-1

Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : [2]

See also


Forum Posts

External Links

Line-up: Thijs van Leer, Jan Akkerman, Bert Ruiter, Colin Allen


  1. Skyline of Lübeck-Travemünde with the oldest lighthouse at the German coast of the Baltic Sea and Maritim Hotel at the Promenade of Travemünde
  2. Pictures Hotel Travemünde - Book Hotels Travemünde - Maritim
  3. Horten macht's möglich: Schach-Computer für 250 Mark, October 13, 1978, Computerwoche 42/1978 (German)
  4. Interview mit Horst Metzing from ChessBase.de (German)
  5. WMCC 1981, CSVN tournament site
  6. 2nd World Microcomputer Chess Championship - Travemünde 1981 (ICGA Tournaments)
  7. 2nd World Microcomputer Chess Championship (Commercial) - Travemünde 1981 (ICGA Tournaments)
  8. Chess Champion Mark V
  9. 2nd World Microcomputer Chess Championship (Playoff) - Travemünde 1981 (ICGA Tournaments)
  10. Björn Schwarz (1981). Güld’ne Pfründe in Travemünde. 2. Mikrocomputer-Schachweltmeisterschaft. Chip 12-1981 (German)
  11. Ben Mittman, Ken Thompson (1981). Second World Microcomputer Chess Championship, Travemünde and Hamburg, West Germany. ICCA Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 2
  12. David Levy and Kevin O’Connell (1981). A New World Champion. Chess, October/November 1981, Publication Archive from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters
  13. László Lindner, A SZÁMÍTÓGÉPES SAKK KÉPEKBEN című melléklete - The pictures of the Beginning of Chess Computers
  14. Travemünde 1981 - Chess - Round 1 - Game 1 (ICGA Tournaments)
  15. Tom Fürstenberg (1981). 2e Micro WK Travemünde/Hamburg. Computerschaak, 11-1981 (Dutch) from 09-1981, 2. Mikrocomputer-Schachweltmeisterschaft in Travemünde und Hamburg (pdf) hosted by Hein Veldhuis, Photo by Tom Fürstenberg (?)
  16. Travemünde 1981 - Chess (Playoff) - Round 2 - Game 1 (ICGA Tournaments)
  17. Publication Archive from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters

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