David Bronstein

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David Bronstein [1]

David Ionovich Bronstein, (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006)
was an Ukrainian world-class chess grandmaster who was close to become World Chess Champion when he drew the 1951 match against Botvinnik by a score of 12–12. He was also a highly renowned writer.

Computer Chess

Bronstein became interested in artificial intelligence when he received his first lessons in computer chess from Alexander Kronrod. He and Bronstein's friend Alexander Brudno gave a lot of valuable knowledge about the mathematical problems in connection with writing chess programs. As a grandmaster with a great interest in this subject he was asked to be an advisor to the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics when they played the famous match against Stanford University. He already played a two games against the M-20 in 1963 [2] [3]. Also in his later career, David Bronstein was open minded to play computers. He played Deep Thought and later Deep Blue and all Aegon Tournaments from 1990 until 1997, which he won in 1992 with a perfect score of 6/6 [4] , as well as the Aegon 1993 with 5.5/6. During the 8th Advances in Computer Chess Conference 1996 David Bronstein was invited speaker and told about his experiences with computers. Tom Fürstenberg was a close friend and contributed in writing the The Sorcerer's Apprentice [5] .



Tom Fürstenberg and David Bronstein, Aegon 1991 [6]


David Bronstein vs. XXXX by Martin Zentner, Bruce Moreland watching, Aegon 1997 [7]

[Event "AEGON"]
[Site "Den Haag"]
[Date "1997.04.21"]
[Round "4"]
[White "David Bronstein"]
[Black "XXXX (Computer)"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 e6 2.Qe2 Ne7 3.Nf3 d5 4.d3 c5 5.g3 Nbc6 6.Bg2 g6 7.0-0 Bg7 8.e5 h6 9.h4 Qc7 
10.Re1 Nd4 11.Nxd4 cxd4 12.c3 Nc6 13.f4 0-0 14.Nd2 dxc3 15.bxc3 Qa5 16.Nf3 Qxc3 
17.Bb2 Qa5 18.a4 b5 19.axb5 Qxb5 20.Ba3 Qb6+ 21.Kh2 Re8 22.Rab1 Qc7 23.Rec1 a5 
24.h5 gxh5 25.Bd6 Qd7 26.Rb6 Ne7 27.d4 Nf5 28.Ba3 h4 29.g4 Qd8 30.gxf5 Qxb6 31.f6
Ba6 32.Qf2 Qb3 33.Bc5 Bh8 34.Qxh4 Bd3 35.Qxh6 Bg6 36.Nh4 Qd3 37.Rc3 Ra7 1-0


Quote by Frederic Friedel in his obituary on David Bronstein [8] :

I remember David calling Ken Thompson in New Jersey once, asking him if the computer scientist could analyse a position with the endgame databases Ken had just created. Then he started dictating the position, with Ken desperately calling "stop" at six pieces. Bronstein's example contained about eleven, including pawns, which make the position even more difficult. Ken said something like: "Sorry, we can't do that. Maybe in a thousand years, but not at the current time." 

See also




Computer Chess

External Links

The mentioned game of David Bronstein vs. Walter Shawn Browne:
[Event "Reykjavik (Iceland)"]
[Site "Reykjavik (Iceland)"]
[Date "1990.??.??"]
[Round "10"]
[White "David Bronstein"]
[Black "Walter Shawn Browne"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 Qc7
9.0-0-0 Nbd7 10.g4 b5 11.Bxf6 Nxf6 12.g5 Nd7 13.f5 Bxg5+ 14.Kb1 Ne5 15.Qh5 
Qd8 16.Rg1 h6 17.fxe6 g6 18.exf7+ Kxf7 19.Qe2 Kg7 20.h4 Bxh4 21.Nf5+ Kh7
22.Rxd6 Qf8 23.Qh2 Bxf5 24.Qxe5 Qe7 25.Qxe7+ Bxe7 26.Rc6 Rhc8 27.Rb6 Rxc3
28.exf5 Re3 29.Bd3 Bc5 30.Rbxg6 Rae8 31.a4 bxa4 32.f6 Rxd3 33.Rg7+ Kh8 
34.Rh1 1-0


  1. David Bronstein, July 16, 1968, from Dutch National Archives, The Hague, Fotocollectie Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANeFo), 1945-1989 Nummer toegang Bestanddeelnummer 921-5139, Eric Koch, Anefo, David Bronstein from Wikipedia
  2. David Bronstein, Tom Fürstenberg (1995). The Sorcerer's Apprentice. Cadogan Books, London. ISBN 1-85744-151-6, pp. 188 (47) Bronstein,D - Rebel 90, pp. 278 (26) Bronstein,D - M20 Computer
  3. David Bronstein vs M20 (Computer) 1963 from chessgames.com
  4. Aegon 1992 from CSVN Computerschaak
  5. Sorcerer's Apprentice (Cadogan Chess Books) from amazon.com
  6. Photo from Tom Furstenberg - David Bronstein and myself at the AEGON Human v. Computer tournament in Den Haag, 1991
  7. David Bronstein vs. XXXX, Photo by Thorsten Czub from Aegon 1996-97
  8. David Bronstein dies at 82 by Frederic Friedel from ChessBase News, December 07, 2006
  9. Zurich 1953 chess tournament
  10. Sorcerer's Apprentice (Cadogan Chess Books) from amazon.com

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