From Chessprogramming wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Home * Engines * Goliath

Goliath wall painting [1]

Goliath, (Goliath Chess, Little Goliath, ...)
a family of chess programs running under Windows, written by Michael Borgstädt, who in early 1996 found a possibility to include knowledge regarding planning and strategic thinking combined with a reliable tactical searcher, first indicated with Goliath's forerunner InterChess, which played the WMCCC 1996 in Jakarta [2] [3] [4]. Beside the knowledge based private program, announced to be available in March/April 1997 by Gambit-Soft [5], but never released [6], the less knowledgeable but very fast Little Goliath (LG) was a formidable Blitz player. LG versions were distributed as WinBoard and later UCI compliant LG Gold, LG 2000, also commercially released as ChessBase native Young Talent Goliath Light 1.5 [7] , and Goliath Blitz as native Chess Academy engine, as Goliath Mate, LG Nemesis, LG Revival and LG Evolution.

LG Evolution NN

About 16 years after the author made his own experiments with neural networks in computer chess, in January 2022, Little Goliath Evolution Neural Network Version 3.15 was released, featuring NNUE technology [8].

Tournament Play

Goliath played the WMCCC 1997 in Paris, operated by Wolfgang Traudes, the WMCCC 2001 where it won the title of the World Microcomputer Speed-Chess Champion [9], and the WCCC 2002, both in Maastricht operated by book author Erdogan Günes, further the ICT 2001, and the CCT1 and CCT4 on-line tournaments.

Photos & Games

Gandalf 1997

WMCCC 1997, round 3, Goliath - Gandalf [10]

[Event "WMCCC 1997"]
[Site "Paris, France"]
[Date "1997.10.27"]
[Round "3"]
[White "Goliath"]
[Black "Gandalf"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 e6 3.d4 c5 4.Bg2 Nc6 5.O-O cxd4 6.Nxd4 Bc5 7.Nb3 Bb6 8.Nc3 Nf6 
9.Bg5 O-O 10.e4 dxe4 11.Nxe4 Qxd1 12.Rfxd1 Nxe4 13.Bxe4 f6 14.Be3 Bxe3 15.fxe3 
Ne5 16.Rab1 Rb8 17.h3 b6 18.Nd4 Bd7 19.Kf2 Rbd8 20.b3 f5 21.Bg2 Nf7 22.Ne2 e5 
23.Bd5 h5 24.Rd3 g6 25.Rbd1 Kg7 26.Bxf7 Rxf7 27.Rd6 g5 28.R6d5 Kf6 29.a4 g4 
30.h4 Re7 31.Rd6+ Kg7 32.R1d5 Kf7 33.Rd1 Kg7 34.c4 Rf7 35.R1d5 Re7 36.a5 bxa5 
37.c5 Kf7 38.c6 Bxc6 39.Rxd8 Bxd5 40.Rxd5 Kf6 41.Rxa5 Rb7 42.Ra6+ Kg7 43.Nc1 
Rc7 44.Nd3 Rc2+ 45.Kf1 Rc3 46.Rxa7+ Kf6 47.Ra6+ Kg7 48.Ke2 Rc2+ 49.Kf1 Rc3 
50.Ra7+ Kf6 51.Ke2 Rc2+ 52.Ke1 Rg2 53.Ra6+ Kg7 54.Nxe5 Rxg3 55.Kf2 Rh3 56.Ng6 
Rf3+ 57.Ke2 Rh3 58.b4 Rh2+ 59.Kd3 Rb2 60.Nf4 Rb3+ 61.Kd2 Rxb4 62.Nxh5+ Kh7 
63.Nf6+ Kg7 64.Nd5 Rb2+ 65.Kd3 Rh2 66.Ne7 Rf2 67.Nd5 Rh2 68.Ra7+ Kg6 69.Nf4+ 
Kf6 70.Ra6+ Kf7 71.h5 Rh1 72.Kd4 g3 73.Ke5 g2 74.Nxg2 Rxh5 75.Ra7+ Ke8 76.Nf4 
Rh6 77.Kxf5 Kd8 78.e4 Kc8 79.e5 Kb8 80.Rf7 Rh8 81.Ng6 Rh5+ 82.Kf6 Rh1 83.e6 
Rf1+ 84.Kg7 Re1 85.e7 Rxe7 86.Rxe7 1-0 

Tao 2001


ICT 2001, Tao - Goliath X, Leen Ammeraal kibitzing, Bas Hamstra and Erdogan Günes [11] [12]

[Event "ICT 2001"]
[Site "Leiden NED"]
[Date "2001.05.18"]
[Round "02"]
[White "Tao"]
[Black "Goliath Chess X"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 Qb6 6.Qc2 Nf6 7.e5 Ne4 8.Nf3 Nc6 
9.O-O e6 10.Nc3 Nxc3 11.Bxc3 Qc5 12.Be2 d5 13.exd6 Bxd6 14.Rab1 a6 15.Nd2 Bf4 
16.Ne4 Qf8 17.Rfd1 f5 18.Bh5+ g6 19.Nf6+ Kf7 20.Nd7 Qe8 21.Bxh8 Qxh8 22.Bf3 Nd4 
23.Qc5 Nxf3+ 24.gxf3 b6 25.Rxb6 Be3 26.Ne5+ 1-0

Rebel 2001

WMCCC 2001, round 5 (Blitz), Goliath - Rebel [13]

[Event "WMCCC 2001 (Blitz)"]
[Site "Maastricht, The Netherlands"]
[Date "2001.08.21"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Goliath"]
[Black "Rebel"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.Be2 O-O 6.O-O c6 7.a4 Nbd7 8.h3 e5 
9.dxe5 dxe5 10.Be3 Qe7 11.Qd3 Nh5 12.a5 Nf4 13.Qc4 Qf6 14.Rfd1 Re8 15.b4 
Nf8 16.Bxf4 exf4 17.e5 Qe7 18.a6 bxa6 19.Qxf4 Nd7 20.Ne4 Nxe5 21.c3 Nxf3+ 
22.Bxf3 Bb7 23.Rd3 Rad8 24.Re3 Be5 25.Qh6 Qc7 26.Nc5 Bc8 27.Rae1 Bh2+ 
28.Kh1 Rxe3 29.Qxe3 Bd6 30.Rd1 Bf8 31.Rxd8 Qxd8 32.Nb3 Qf6 33.Nd4 c5 
34.bxc5 Qe7 35.Qxe7 Bxe7 36.c6 Kg7 37.g4 Bd8 38.Kg2 Ba5 39.Ne2 Bc7 40.Nd4 
Kf6 41.Kf1 Ba5 42.Ne2 Ke5 43.Ke1 f5 44.Kd2 Bb6 45.Nc1 Kf4 46.Ke2 Kg5 
47.Nb3 Kh4 48.gxf5 gxf5 49.Bg2 a5 50.Nd4 a4 51.Kd3 a5 52.Kc2 h6 53.Kb2 Bc5
54.c7 Bb6 55.Nb5 a3+ 56.Ka2 f4 57.Bf1 h5 58.Kb3 Bd7 59.Nd4 Kg5 60.h4+ Kh6 
61.Nb5 f3 62.Bd3 Bc8 63.Be4 Bxf2 64.Bxf3 Bc5 65.Nxa3 Bd6 66.Nb5 Bc5 67.Bc6 
Bb6 68.c4 Bc5 69.Ka4 Kg6 70.Be8+ Kh6 71.Kxa5 Be6 72.Nc3 Bf2 73.Kb5 Bxh4 
74.Kc6 Bg3 75.Bd7 Bxd7+ 76.Kxd7 Bxc7 77.Kxc7 Kg5 78.Kd6 h4 79.Ke5 h3 80.Ne4+ 
Kg4 81.Nf2+ Kg3 82.Nxh3 Kxh3 83.c5 Kg4 84.c6 Kf3 85.c7 Ke3 86.c8=Q 1-0

See also

Forum Posts

1997 ...

2000 ...

2005 ...

2020 ...

External Links

Chess Engine


feat.: Hubert Eaves III, Cecil McBee, Eddie Moore, Claudio Roditi, and David Schnitter


  1. Goliath wall painting at the town hall of Weiler-Simmerberg, Westallgäu, Germany, epigram:Stand still you dear hiking man,
    Look at the giant Goliath.
    And remember the wisdom ~
    The strength does not do it alone,
    Prudence must be her godfather.
    Image by Axel Mauruszat, September 26, 2012, Wikimedia Commons
  2. Ratih Dewanti (1996). Report on the 14th World Microcomputer Chess Championship. ICCA Journal, Vol. 19, No. 4
  3. Thorsten about Jakarta 2 by Dirk Frickenschmidt, rgcc, October 10, 1996
  4. Re: WMCCC by Bruce Moreland, CCC, September 25, 1997
  5. Re: WMCCC by Michael Borgstädt, CCC, October 05, 1997 » WMCCC 1997
  6. Re: FREE ENGINE FOR WINBOARD (GOLIATH LIGHT) by Bert Seifriz, CCC, August 29, 1998
  7. Goliath Light, Gromit, Patzer, SOS, etc. commercially sold by Theo van der Storm, CCC, August 28, 2001
  8. New Little Goliath 3.15 with NN released by Thomas J. Miller, CCC, January 22, 2022
  9. 18th World Microcomputer Chess Championship (Blitz) - Maastricht 2001 (ICGA Tournaments)
  10. Paris 1997 - Chess - Round 3 - Game 11 (ICGA Tournaments)
  11. Leiden 2001 by László Szalai
  12. Downloads | CSVN International Computerchess Tournament | Games
  13. Maastricht 2001 - Chess (Blitz) - Round 5 - Game 3 (ICGA Tournaments

Up one Level