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Constellation [1]

Constellation (Nickname Connie),
a dedicated chess computer with a 8-bit 6502 CPU and 16 KB ROM and 2 KB RAM, manufactured and market in 1983 by Novag, running a program developed by primary author David Kittinger, supported by chess master Scott McDonald. It was the forerunner of the mighty Super Constellation, and participated along with its big brother at the WMCCC 1983 in Budapest.


The Constellation applied the attack map / offset map move generation technique as proposed by Mikhail Botvinnik. In evaluation Connie already preprocessed the piece-square tables [2], becoming famous as pre scan heuristics in particular credited to the Super Connie due to its playing style.

See also


Forum Posts

Will Connie Ever Castle?? by Steve B, CCC, July 14, 2010
GM Kaufman v.Novag Constellation 3.6 QR Odds (Moves 41-55) by Steve B, CCC, August 10, 2010

External Links


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