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Dart, (Dart 4.1)
a chess program developed at Dartmouth College as successor of Dartmouth CP by a team around Larry Harris and primary author Warren Montgomery, supported by Danny Kopec, Hal Terrie, and David Levner et al. [1] [2]. Dart was written in GCOS assembly, the language for the GE-635, to run under the Dartmouth Time Sharing System.

ACM 1974

Dart 4.1 played the ACM 1974 in San Diego, where it lost from Chess 4.2 and CHAOS, and won from Xenarbor and Ostrich.

Selected Games


ACM 1974, round 1, Dart 4.1 - Chess 4.2

[Event "ACM 1974"]
[Site "San Diego USA"]
[Date "1974.11.10"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Dart 4.1"]
[Black "Chess 4.2"]
[Result "0-1"]

1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Nc3 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.g3 fxg3 7.Qxg4 g2+ 8.Qxh4 
gxh1=Q 9.Qh5 Bb4 10.Nxf7 Nf6 11.Nd6+ Kd8 12.Nf7+ Ke7 13.Nd5+ Nxd5 14.Nxh8 Qxe4+ 
15.Be2 Nf4 16.Qg5+ Kf8 17.Qg4 Bd6 18.Qf3 Qxe2+ 19.Qxe2 Nxe2 20.Kxe2 Bxh2 21.d3 Be5 
22.Bh6+ Ke7 23.Bg5+ Ke6 24.Rf1 Bxh8 25.Rf8 Bxb2 26.Rxc8 Be5 27.Re8+ Kd6 28.Rf8 h5 
29.c4 c6 30.a4 b6 31.Rf7 Na6 32.Ke3 Nc5 33.a5 Rg8 34.Bh4 bxa5 35.Kd2 Rg2+ 36.Ke3 
Bd4+ 37.Kxd4 Rg4+ 38.Kc3 Rxh4 39.Rf6+ Ke5 40.Rf3 a4 41.Re3+ Kd6 42.Kd2 a3 43.Rg3 
a2 44.Rg1 a1=Q 45.Rxa1 Nb3+ 46.Kc3 Nxa1 47.Kb2 Rh1 48.Kc3 Ke5 49.c5 Rh2 50.Kc4 a5 
51.d4+ Ke4 52.Kc3 Rc2# 0-1


ACM 1974, round 3, Dart 4.1 - Ostrich

[Event "ACM 1974"]
[Site "San Diego USA"]
[Date "1974.11.11"]
[Round "3"]
[White "Dart 4.1"]
[Black "Ostrich"]
[Result "1-0"]

1.e4 d5 2.Nc3 dxe4 3.Nxe4 Nd7 4.Nf3 e6 5.Be2 Nh6 6.O-O Be7 7.d4 O-O 8.Bxh6 gxh6 
9.c4 Nb6 10.Qc1 f5 11.Nc3 Bg5 12.Qc2 a5 13.Rfe1 Bf6 14.Rad1 Bd7 15.c5 Nc8 16.Bc4 
Qe8 17.Qb3 Kg7 18.Qxb7 Ra7 19.Qb3 Kf7 20.Bxe6+ Bxe6 21.d5 Ra6 22.dxe6+ Kg6 23.Qc4 
Rc6 24.Ne5+ Bxe5 25.Rxe5 Nb6 26.Qd4 Nc8 27.Rde1 Ne7 28.Qa4 Rf6 29.f4 Qa8 30.Qd4 
Qb7 31.Nd5 Rcxe6 32.Rxe6 Nxd5 33.Rxf6+ Nxf6 34.Re6 Qe4 35.Qxf6+ Kh5 36.Rxe4 Kg4 
37.Qg7+ 1-0

See also

External Links


  1. The Dartmouth Computing Timeline - The 1970s - 1973 - Chess Program in Tournament
  2. Danny Kopec (1977). Recent developments in computer chess. Firbush News 7 Edinburgh: Machine Intelligence Research Unit, University of Edinburgh (ed. Donald Michie), pdf - Work at Dartmouth College

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