# Charles Kalme

**Charles Ivars Kalme**, (Kārlis Ivars Kalme, November 15, 1939 – March 20, 2002)

was a Latvian American electrical engineer, mathematician, International Master of chess, Master of Contract Bridge, and early computer chess programmer. Born 1939 in Riga, he and what was left of his family fled Latvia after World War II, lived for years in a Displaced Persons Camp in Allied-occupied Germany until he arrived in Philadelphia in the United States in 1951 ^{[2]}. He earned his master title in chess at age 15, was US Junior champion in 1955, US Intercollegiate champ in 1957 ^{[3]}, and drew in his game against Bobby Fischer in the 1960 US championship ^{[4]}.

In 1961, Kalme graduated with honors in electrical engineering from University of Pennsylvania, and received his Ph.D. degree in mathematics in 1967 at New York University under thesis advisor Lipman Bers ^{[5]}. He became a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley for two years, and at University of Southern California for four years. When Latvia restored its independence in 1991 from the Soviet Union, Kalme returned to Latvia, where he worked on a National Strategy for Bringing Computer Literacy to Latvian Schools ^{[6]}.

# Computer Chess

In the early 70s at University of Southern California, Charles Kalme became team member and chess advisor of the USC CP team around Albert Zobrist and Frederic Roy Carlson ^{[7]} ^{[8]}.

# Selected Publications

- Charles Kalme (
**1967**).*Contributions to the Theory of Discontinuous Groups of Mobius Transformations*. Ph.D. thesis, New York University, advisor Lipman Bers - Charles Kalme (
**1969**).*A note on the connectivity of components of Kleinian groups*. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 137 - Charles Kalme (
**1970**).*Remarks on a paper by Lipman Bers*. Annals of Mathematics, Second Series, Vol. 91, No. 3

# External Links

- Charles Kalme from Wikipedia
- The Mathematics Genealogy Project - Charles Kalme
- The chess games of Charles I. Kalme from chessgames.com
- Una Riga di scacchi | SoloScacchi by Martin Eden, March 24, 2010 (Italian)
- The United States Chess Federation - Victory at Leningrad: The 50th Anniversary by Eliot Hearst, October 20, 2010
- Mathematicians and Chess | Charles Kalme by David Joyner
- Office of Student Affairs at the University of Pennsylvania

# References

- ↑ Charles Kalme vs. Suren Momo, 7th World Student Team Chess Championship: Leningrad 1960, from Una Riga di scacchi | SoloScacchi by Martin Eden, March 24, 2010 (Italian)
- ↑ Charles Kalme from Wikipedia
- ↑ Eric Tangborn, John Donaldson (
**1999**).*The Unknown Bobby Fischer*. International Chess Enterprises - ↑ Mathematicians and Chess | Charles Kalme by David Joyner
- ↑ Charles Kalme (
**1967**).*Contributions to the Theory of Discontinuous Groups of Mobius Transformations*. Ph.D. thesis, New York University, advisor Lipman Bers - ↑ Mathematicians and Chess | Charles Kalme by David Joyner
- ↑ Albert Zobrist, Frederic Roy Carlson (
**1973**).*An Advice-Taking Chess Computer*. Scientific American, Vol. 228 - ↑ Monroe Newborn (
**1975**).*Computer Chess*. Academic Press, New York, N.Y., Chapter VII. The Third United States Computer Chess Championship