Nathaniel Rochester

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Nathaniel Rochester [1]

Nathaniel Rochester, (January 14, 1919 – June 8, 2001)
was an American electrical engineer and pioneer in computer science and artificial intelligence. He received a B.Sc. in electrical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1941, and moved to IBM in 1948, where he designed the IBM 701 and wrote the first symbolic assembler, which allowed programs to be written in short, readable commands rather than pure numbers or punch codes. A group headed by Rochester simulated neural networks on an IBM 704 computer [2].

In 1955, Rochester co-organized the Dartmouth Conference along with John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky and Claude Shannon [3], and later supervised AI projects, including Arthur Samuel's checkers program, Herbert Gelernter's Euclidean Geometry Theorem Prover [4] and Alex Bernstein's chess program. In 1958, he was a visiting professor at MIT, where he helped John McCarthy with the development of Lisp programming language. In the 1960s, Rochester continued to work at IBM, directing cutting edge research in cryogenics and tunnel diode circuits [5].

Selected Publications


1950 ...

1980 ...

External Links


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