Alexander A. Zhivotovsky,
is a Russian computer scientist. In 1963  at Alexander Kronrod’s laboratory at the Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Alexander Zhivotovsky co-developed the ITEP Chess Program, together with Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Vladimir Arlazarov and Anatoly Uskov, advised by Russian chess master Alexander Bitman and three-time world champion Mikhail Botvinnik.
At the end of 1966 a four game match began between the Kotok-McCarthy-Program, running on a IBM 7090 computer, and the ITEP Chess Program on a Soviet M-2 computer . The match played over nine months was won 3-1 by the The ITEP program, despite playing on slower hardware.
- Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Vladimir Arlazarov, Alexander Bitman, Alexander Zhivotovsky, Anatoly Uskov (1970). Programming a Computer to Play Chess. Russian Mathematical Surveys, Vol. 25, pp. 221-262.