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Alexander Brudno

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[[FILE:AL Brudno main.jpg|border|right|thumb|240px| Alexander Brudno <ref>[,_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80_%D0%9B%D1%8C%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 Брудно, Александр Львович]</ref> ]]

'''Alexander L'vovich Brudno''', (Александр Львович Брудно, January 10, 1918 – December 1, 2009)<br/>
was a Russian Jewish mathematician, computer scientist and computer chess pioneer. He received his Ph.D. on [ Real functions] at [[Moscow State University]] under advisor [ Dmitrii Menshov] <ref>[ The Mathematics Genealogy Project - Aleksandr Brudno]</ref>. Brudno independently discovered the [[Alpha-Beta|alpha-beta algorithm]], published [[Timeline#1963|1963]] in ''Problemy Kibernetiki'' <ref>[[Alexander Brudno]] ('''1963'''). ''Bounds and valuations for shortening the search of estimates''. Problemy Kibernetiki (10) 141–150 and Problems of Cybernetics (10) 225–241</ref> . The algorithm was implemented inside the [[ITEP Chess Program]] <ref>[ The Fast Universal Digital Computer M-2] from the [[Russian Virtual Computer Museum]]</ref>, which was written by [[Georgy Adelson-Velsky]] and others at [[Alexander Kronrod|Alexander Kronrod's]] laboratory at Moscow’s [[Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics]] (ITEF or '''ITEP''').

Brudno, also at ITEP at that time was a personal and like­minded friend of Kronrod <ref>[[Mathematician#Landis|Evgenii Landis]], [[Mathematician#Yaglom|Isaak Yaglom]] ('''1987'''). ''Remembering A.S. Kronrod''. ('''2002'''). Translation by [ Viola Brudno], Edited by [[Mathematician#WaGautschi|Walter Gautschi]], [ ps]</ref>. According to [[Monroe Newborn]], Alexander Brudno led the team that created the chess program [[Kaissa]] at Moscow’s [[Institute of Control Sciences]] <ref>[ Brudno in Moscow], Photo and text by [[Monroe Newborn]] 1980, [ History of Computer Chess] from [[The Computer History Museum]]</ref>. From 1991 until his death he lived in Israel <ref>[ Alexander Brudno from Wikipedia]</ref>.

==John McCarthy==
{{Quote McCarthy on Alpha-Beta}}
==Ershov and Shura-Bura==
{{Quote Shura-Bura}}
==Landis and Yaglom==
{{Remembering A.S. Kronrod}}
==Mikhail Donskoy==
{{Quote Donskoy on Hashing}}

=See also=
* [[History|History of Computer Chess]]
* [[Alpha-Beta#HistoryAlphaBeta|History of Alpha-Beta]]

=Selected Publications=
* [[Alexander Brudno]] ('''1963'''). ''Bounds and valuations for shortening the search of estimates''. Problemy Kibernetiki (10) 141–150 and Problems of Cybernetics (10) 225–241
* [[Alexander Brudno]] ('''1968'''). ''Programming in meaningful notation''. Second edition, revised (Программирование в содержательных обозначениях) <ref>[ Брудно Александр Львович] (Russian, [ Alexander L. Brudno] translated by [ Google Translate]</ref>
* [[Alexander Brudno]], L.I. Kaplan ('''1990'''). ''Moscow Programming Contest''. (Московские олимпиады по программированию) Popular scientific publication

=External Links=
* [ Alexander Brudno from Wikipedia]
: [,_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80_%D0%9B%D1%8C%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 Брудно, Александр Львович - Материал из Википедии] (Russian)
* [ The Mathematics Genealogy Project - Aleksandr Brudno]
* [ Competitions, Controversies, and Computer Chess] (pdf) by [ Michael Brudno] (May 2000)
* [ Brudno Family]

<references />

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