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Alexander Brudno

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Created page with "'''Home * People * Alexander Brudno''' FILE:AL Brudno main.jpg|border|right|thumb|240px| Alexander Brudno <ref>[https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%91%D1%80..."
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[[FILE:AL Brudno main.jpg|border|right|thumb|240px| Alexander Brudno <ref>[https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%91%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%BE,_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80_%D0%9B%D1%8C%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 Брудно, Александр Львович]</ref> ]]

'''Alexander L'vovich Brudno''', (Александр Львович Брудно, January 10, 1918 – December 1, 2009)<br/>
was a Russian Jewish mathematician, computer scientist and computer chess pioneer. He received his Ph.D. on [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real-valued_function Real functions] at [[Moscow State University]] under advisor [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dmitrii_Menshov Dmitrii Menshov] <ref>[http://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=110377 The Mathematics Genealogy Project - Aleksandr Brudno]</ref>. Brudno independently discovered the [[Alpha-Beta|alpha-beta algorithm]], published [[Timeline#1963|1963]] in ''Problemy Kibernetiki'' <ref>[[Alexander Brudno]] ('''1963'''). ''Bounds and valuations for shortening the search of estimates''. Problemy Kibernetiki (10) 141–150 and Problems of Cybernetics (10) 225–241</ref> . The algorithm was implemented inside the [[ITEP Chess Program]] <ref>[http://www.computer-museum.ru/english/m2.htm The Fast Universal Digital Computer M-2] from the [[Russian Virtual Computer Museum]]</ref>, which was written by [[Georgy Adelson-Velsky]] and others at [[Alexander Kronrod|Alexander Kronrod's]] laboratory at Moscow’s [[Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics]] (ITEF or '''ITEP''').

Brudno, also at ITEP at that time was a personal and like­minded friend of Kronrod <ref>[[Mathematician#Landis|Evgenii Landis]], [[Mathematician#Yaglom|Isaak Yaglom]] ('''1987'''). ''Remembering A.S. Kronrod''. ('''2002'''). Translation by [http://www.translatorscafe.com/cafe/member16949.htm Viola Brudno], Edited by [[Mathematician#WaGautschi|Walter Gautschi]], [https://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/wxg/Kronrod.ps ps]</ref>. According to [[Monroe Newborn]], Alexander Brudno led the team that created the chess program [[Kaissa]] at Moscow’s [[Institute of Control Sciences]] <ref>[http://www.computerhistory.org/chess/full_record.php?iid=stl-430b9bbe49333 Brudno in Moscow], Photo and text by [[Monroe Newborn]] 1980, [http://www.computerhistory.org/chess/index.php History of Computer Chess] from [[The Computer History Museum]]</ref>. From 1991 until his death he lived in Israel <ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Brudno Alexander Brudno from Wikipedia]</ref>.

=Quotes=
==John McCarthy==
{{Quote McCarthy on Alpha-Beta}}
==Ershov and Shura-Bura==
{{Quote Shura-Bura}}
==Landis and Yaglom==
{{Remembering A.S. Kronrod}}
==Mikhail Donskoy==
{{Quote Donskoy on Hashing}}

=See also=
* [[History|History of Computer Chess]]
* [[Alpha-Beta#HistoryAlphaBeta|History of Alpha-Beta]]

=Selected Publications=
* [[Alexander Brudno]] ('''1963'''). ''Bounds and valuations for shortening the search of estimates''. Problemy Kibernetiki (10) 141–150 and Problems of Cybernetics (10) 225–241
* [[Alexander Brudno]] ('''1968'''). ''Programming in meaningful notation''. Second edition, revised (Программирование в содержательных обозначениях) <ref>[http://publ.lib.ru/ARCHIVES/B/BRUDNO_Aleksandr_L%27vovich/_Brudno_A.L..html Брудно Александр Львович] (Russian, [http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=ru&tl=en&js=n&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fpubl.lib.ru%2FARCHIVES%2FB%2FBRUDNO_Aleksandr_L%2527vovich%2F_Brudno_A.L..html Alexander L. Brudno] translated by [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Translate Google Translate]</ref>
* [[Alexander Brudno]], L.I. Kaplan ('''1990'''). ''Moscow Programming Contest''. (Московские олимпиады по программированию) Popular scientific publication

=External Links=
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Brudno Alexander Brudno from Wikipedia]
: [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%91%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%BE,_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80_%D0%9B%D1%8C%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 Брудно, Александр Львович - Материал из Википедии] (Russian)
* [http://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=110377 The Mathematics Genealogy Project - Aleksandr Brudno]
* [http://www.cs.toronto.edu/%7Ebrudno/essays/cchess.pdf Competitions, Controversies, and Computer Chess] (pdf) by [http://www.cs.toronto.edu/%7Ebrudno/ Michael Brudno] (May 2000)
* [http://www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/kurenets/k_pages/brudno.html Brudno Family]

=References=
<references />

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