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'''[[Main Page|Home]] * [[Engines]] * Turochamp'''
a chess program by [[Alan Turing]] and [[David Champernowne]] developed in [[Timeline#1948|1948]] as chess playing algorithm, implemented as "paper machine". Since there was no machine yet that could execute the instructions, Turing acted as a human CPU requiring more than half an hour per move. One game from 1952 is recorded, which Turochamp lost to one of Turing's colleagues <ref>[ A short history of computer chess] from [[ChessBase]]</ref>, [ Alick Glennie]. It won an earlier game versus Champernowne's wife, a beginner at chess <ref>Chapter 16, Introduction on 'Chess', in [[Alan Turing]], [ Jack Copeland] (editor) ('''2004'''). ''The Essential Turing, Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life plus The Secrets of Enigma''. [ Oxford University Press], [ amazon], [ google books]</ref>.

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