Anatoly Uskov

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Arlazarov, Uskov, and Donskoy [1] [2]

Anatoly V. Uskov,
a Russian computer scientist. In 1963 [3] at Alexander Kronrod’s laboratory at the Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Anatoly Uskov co-developed the ITEP Chess Program, together with Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Vladimir Arlazarov and Alexander Zhivotovsky, advised by Russian chess master Alexander Bitman and three-time world champion Mikhail Botvinnik.

At the end of 1966 a four game match began between the Kotok-McCarthy-Program, running on a IBM 7090 computer, and the ITEP Chess Program on a Soviet M-20 computer. The match played over nine months was won 3-1 by the The ITEP program, despite playing on slower hardware. By 1971, Mikhail V. Donskoy joined with Arlazarov and Uskov to program its successor on an ICL System 4/70 at the Institute of Control Sciences, called Kaissa, which became the first World Computer Chess Champion in 1974 in Stockholm.

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