an American physicist and hardware engineer, in the 80s and 90s affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley, where he worked with Alvin M. Despain on the Berkeley Chess Microprocessor (BCM) . A chess entity authored by James Testa, called Zerker, based on the BCM, was registered for the ACM 1990 tournament, noted as promising newcomer. It reported 7,000,000 moves per second , roughly three times faster than Deep Thought at that time . Unfortunately, a damage to the machine during shipment from California forced its withdrawal .
- James Testa, José Pérez, Carson Jeffries (1982). Evidence for Universal Chaotic Behaviour of a Driven Nonlinear Oscillator. Physical Review Letters, Vol. 48
- James Testa, Alvin M. Despain (1990). A CMOS VLSI chess microprocessor. University of California, Berkeley, IEEE Custom Integrated Circuit Conference
- Marc Boulé (2002). An FPGA Move Generator for the Game of Chess. Masters thesis, McGill University, Supervisor: Zeljko Zilic, Co-Supervisor: Monty Newborn
- The 21st Annual ACM North American Computer Chess Championship from The Computer History Museum
- Quick moves claim computer-chess title - Free Online Library, November 24, 1990
- Monty Newborn, Danny Kopec (1991). The 21st ACM North American Computer Chess Championship. Communications of the ACM, Vol. 34, No. 11