Blockade of Stop

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Blockade of Stop,
the obstruction of the stop square of a pawn mechanically prevents its advancement. While two opponent pawns head on head on the same file, a pawn ram, mutually block each other, the blockade of stop usually refers to pieces.

The more general term Blockade also refers to a chess tactics where a decoy sacrifice is conducted to decisively reduce the mobility of pieces or king as start of a combination.

Passed Pawns

Most notably in passed pawn evaluation [1], the blockade of stop reduces the bonus by up to one rank less advanced or even more. Programs may further scale the blockade of stop penalty depending on piece type and color, where an opponent bishop, followed by opponent king and knight are most effective to blockade the stop. A rook, either an own or opponent one, might already considered by the Tarrasch rule, despite that rule also covers tele stops.

Open Pawns

In his Little Chess Evaluation Compendium, Lyudmil Tsvetkov votes for a bonus for blocking none passed but open pawns without an opponent counter pawn on its front span [2].


During the opening, some programs apply penalties for stop square obstruction by own pieces of none developed center pawns.

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